Python Vs PHP: A Depth Comparison
And also, according to W3techs, it has been observed that the percentage of the websites whose programming has been decoded pertaining to their servers is 79% approximately. And the total usages of various versions for PHP Development Services in percentage are:
- Roughly 69.2% of websites are using version 5 of PHP
- Around 30.2% of websites are using version 7
- Version 4 is being used by almost 0.6%
- And a minority of about 0.1% and lesser uses Version 3
The next question which strikes into the mind is,
What is PHP?
PHP is an open source language used for scripting mostly for general purposes, is widely used for web development, and is compatible with HTML for embedding. It is mainly a short form used for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.
It mainly concentrates on the scripting which is required on the side of the server to enable activities like
- Data collection from forms
- Generation of content for a web page in a dynamic way
- Receiving a sending web cookies
These factors should be kept in mind while comparing PHP Vs Python.
PHP is also capable of doing many more things apart from these. And is mainly used for
- Scripting on the server-side
PHP is mainly used for server-side scripting. There are three pre-requisites to this for making the script successful. One is the Common Gateway Interface module which is also known as the PHP Parser or the server module. The second is a robust and durable web server. And the third is a trusted web browser like Chrome or Google. The input here is through the server and the output is through the browser. This feature makes it the best backend language for web development in this regard.
- Scripting in Command Line
The unique feature of such scripting is that a particular PHP script can work even without a server or a browser. This does sound like a magic potion or a spell but is not. A CGI module or a PHP Parser is necessary for working the script out. The scripts which use cron in their execution like *nix or Linux which is more prominent in Ubuntu software are examples of Command Line scripting. Windows also use Command Line scripting in the form of Task scheduler which is based upon simple text processing without any complexities.
- Desktop application creation
This is one more area where PHP becomes handy for language scripting. Though one cannot create desktop applications in the absence of a graphical interface, some of the advanced features can be used for creating user-oriented or client-side desktop applications. Such features include PHP-GTK which enables a software expert to write programs across platforms like Unix, Linux, Mac, and Windows.
Advantages of PHP
- Operating system compatibility
The main advantage of PHP is that it is compatible with all operating systems like Windows, Linux, and Mac without any obstacle or hassle. Also, the scripting of the server-side can be derived easily.
- Simple to comprehend and use
The programming language of PHP is found to be similar to that of C. Hence, this makes the process of learning the syntax for PHP easy for creating web scripts.
- The vital element of speed
Speed is very important when it comes to downloading the website. A slow web page shall lose its audience even when the content is attractive. Coders and developers prefer using PHP because of its speed and quick response.
- Dynamic support through a library and open source nature
The development and maintenance of the PHP are done by a group or community of developers who extend their support in the form of a dynamic library. PHP includes a large collection of modules pertaining to its functionality, and PDF along with graphics are a part of these indicating the open source nature of the programming language.
- Language stability
The PHP language is almost 22 years old in the coding and development domain. And over the years many viruses, errors, and bugs have been fixed to make this certain programming very robust, durable and stable. This factor is a strong point in the PHP-Python war.
Disadvantages of PHP
- Difficult for use in large applications
With positives, there are also negatives associated with PHP. One of such negatives is that it cannot support the coding or scripting capacity for a larger or more dynamic format of applications and can be more suitable for creating small-sized applications only.
- The additional need for learning PHP frameworks
Without putting in additional codes, a particular web application can perform on the basis of PHP frameworks. And the time taken for learning PHP frameworks shall require additional knowledge about the same. And one can run web applications through such frameworks even in the absence of the expertise of PHP coding.
- The difference in the quality of PHP frameworks
As there is a community or group of developers which extend support for supporting PHP frameworks and their coding, the PHP frameworks developed by individual developers may not be able to provide adequate support. This also implies the limitation of the PHP is being an open source framework.
- Difficulty in the modification of the core behavior
Along with the provision of a basic skeleton or framework for web applications, PHP also provides customization for their development. Despite such dynamic features, developers or coders have failed to modify the core behavior of the PHP framework.
What is Python?
It is a dynamic and high-level language for programming which can be interpreted and is object-oriented. It is mostly a dynamic format for Rapid Application Development or RAD. It is also a form of adhesive programming language which aims to stick or built all the necessary components together.
Python web programming is simple and easy along with the readability of its syntax and language. It also extends support towards modules along with packages which in turn support modularity of the program and reusing the codes developed. Python is also an open source framework in which the library can be derived from the source or through binary coding.
Advantages of Python
- Provision of dynamic support libraries
Python shall provide dynamic support libraries for:
- Tools for web
- Interface for operating systems like Windows, Linux, and Mac with a byte code which can stay uniform throughout
Also, the scripts of high-level programming are included in Python already in such a manner that the lengths of the codes to be written for Python are set or limited.
- Feature of Integration
Enterprise Application Integration is done in such a manner that website development with Python becomes easy through elements like COM or COBRA. Python is also a very powerful programming language just like its name as it can control C, C++, as well as Java in the form of Jython. Similarly, processing of XML and other languages can be done. This factor needs to be kept in the mind while choosing Python or PHP for web development
- The productivity of the Programmer and the Software
The productivity of the programmer expands from around double to approximately ten times with the dynamic support of the libraries, designs developed for object-orientation, and programming languages like Visual Basic and Java.
Along with other added features, a framework for unit testing is also included for checking the speed of the software in a way that productivity is on the rise and a wider arena for building network applications for multi-protocols which can be scalable.
Disadvantages of Python
- The use of other languages becomes difficult
The features of Python are dynamic and extensive in such a way that developers or programmers may even find it difficult for adding the appropriate brackets and semicolon in the syntax.
- Computing for mobile is one of the limitations
Mobile applications are mostly structured through software or programming language like that of Carbonnelle because Python is mostly used for developing web-based or desktop based coding or programming.
- Speed and Run-Time Errors
The web development in Python is through an interpreter and not the compiler. This factor pulls down the speed of the program or code due to lack of adequate compilation as well as the implementation.
Also, this particular program also has run-time errors due to its slow process of testing and the errors are only detected when the entire application is run. This is also due to its dynamic coding and design of the application.
Python Vs PHP
- Fame and Popularity
Python is getting more famous and popular due to its simple and lucid programming and coding which enables a particular coder or programmer to learn it easily.
On the other hand, although PHP is more popular than Python, it is losing its target audiences.
- Use and growth rate
Python is gaining a growth rate of about 20% every year. And PHP is showing a negative trend for growth every year.
- Dynamic libraries and community support
The community support for Python is huge and dynamic along with its libraries. Also, Python has support from the Python Software Foundation.
In parallel to Python, PHP is an open source programming channel which also has a huge support community but not as dynamic as that of its competitor.
- Usage or purposes
Python is mostly used for web development, scripting, developing scientific applications, etc.
PHP concentrates only on web development.
List of websites that use each programming language
- Survey Monkey
Hence, with consideration of the advantages and disadvantages of both scripting languages, the best language for 2019 to be chosen can either be Python for web development or PHP depending upon the nature of the work is demanded from a software developer or a coding expert.
Also, PHP Development Services can be summoned at any time because it is a robust and durable scripting language with some limitations against that of Python but not an outdated version in scripting languages.
The complexity of the software or application shall decide whether a certain language used for scripting is robust or durable.